Glossary of Terms

Anchorage Definition

Anchorage is a strategy for resisting and overcoming a force’s response. In orthodontics, anchorage refers to a strategy or approach that is used to prevent tooth movement. Anchorage is a crucial topic in orthodontics since malocclusions are usually corrected with it.

What is the Importance of Anchorage in Orthodontics?

In orthodontic therapy, like braces, anchorage helps to maximize undesirable movement, decrease unwanted movement, and manage space. A poor treatment outcome is caused by a lack of anchoring.

What is an Anchorage Retainer?

When teeth need to move into a straighter position, orthodontists will employ a temporary anchoring device (TAD) or anchorage retainer to push, pull, and raise the challenging teeth into the proper position.

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July 16th, 2022|

What is meant by Oral Cavity?


A person’s cheeks, lips, gums, tongue, and the space behind it are all considered to be part of their oral cavity. Additionally, any gap that exists between a person’s wisdom teeth and the roof of their mouth is also considered to be part of the oral cavity. Teeth and the tongue get saliva from the salivary glands in the mouth.

Where is the Oral Cavity Located?

When seen from the front of the face, the mouth cavity may be found slightly below the nasal cavities. It is constructed with a top, a bottom, and two sides in total.

What Makes up the Oral Cavity?

The oral cavity is divided into two portions, which are as follows:

  1. Oral vestibule refers to the space inside the mouth that is between the cheeks or lips and the teeth.
  2. both the oral cavity as well as the interdental spaces

What Is The Purpose of the Oral Cavity?

A significant portion of the digestive process originates in the mouth. Just before to the act of swallowing, the meal is mixed with saliva in order to facilitate absorption and the breakdown of the food.

How Big is the Oral Cavity?

A man’s oral cavity has the capacity to contain an average of 71.2 milliliters, whereas a woman’s oral cavity only has the capacity to store 55.4 milliliters.

Why is the Oral Cavity Important?

The mouth is essential for the efficient ingestion of food and water, the production of speech, and the maintenance of normal respiratory patterns. For instance, teeth are responsible for fracturing and pulverizing food into smaller pieces, which makes it much simpler for the body to digest.

What is the Oral Cavity proper?

The lining mucosa, which comprises the cheeks, lips, floor of the mouth, alveolar mucosal surface, inferior surface, masticatory mucosa (hard palate and gingiva), and specialized mucosa (back of the tongue), covers the mouth proper. This mucosa also covers the cheeks, lips, and floor of the mouth.

What is meant by areas of the Oral Cavity?

Codes used to describe dental services are matched up with sections of the mouth.


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July 14th, 2022|

What is a Dental Adjunctive Procedure?

There are a variety of dental adjunctive procedures that may be used to ensure that a dental operation goes as planned. Another term for it is an auxiliary, extra, additional, or subsidiary dental operation.

Who needs an Adjunctive dental procedure?

In rare circumstances, additional surgery may be necessary to ensure that the implant is surrounded by adequate healthy bone. Additional orthodontic services might potentially fall under this category.

What are the different types of Adjunctive procedures for dental implants?

Dental implant adjunctive techniques might be classified as one of the following:

  • Gum Grafting
  • Crown Lengthening
  • Bone Grafting

What is Adjunctive orthodontic services?

Adjunctive orthodontic services” are dental operations that are usually coupled with other dental procedures, such as fillings and crowns. It is the main purpose of supplementary orthodontics to enhance a patient’s oral health.

What are the different types of Adjunctive orthodontic services?

Palatal expanders, elastics, and retainers are some of the most common auxiliary orthodontic therapies.

What are the perks of Adjunctive dental procedures?

Ancillary dental procedures help to improve oral health by minimizing the growth of periodontal cavities and pockets. Improved spacing between teeth and a brighter smile are just some of the cosmetic benefits of veneers. Some of the benefits of adjunctive dental treatments include:

  • Better oral health
  • Improved tooth alignment
  • Teeth spacing improved once the operation was performed
  • Enhancements to the appearance

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July 9th, 2022|

What is the Definition of Amalgam?


Tooth deterioration sometimes necessitates the use of amalgam and silver fillings to repair gaps and holes in teeth. The amalgam may include liquid mercury, powdered alloy, and even silver, tin, and copper.. Dental amalgam is often used to repair decaying teeth due to its versatility in shaping.

Is Amalgam Safe in Dentistry?

Dental amalgam is completely safe. Despite the controversy surrounding dental amalgam, the FDA has determined that Amalgam fillings are safe for use in both adults and children older than six years of age.

Why is Mercury Used in Amalgam?

Amalgam is a strong, solid filler made from metal bits held together by mercury. Mercury is an essential component of amalgam fillings, and its special qualities make dental restorations survive longer. Amalgam fillings include a powdered combination of tin, copper, and silver that makes up around half of the mercury.

Are There Alternatives To Amalgam?

In addition, dentists may also use porcelain, composite resin, glass ionomer, and resin ionomer to repair teeth.

What is more to Know About Cavities other than Amalgam?

Filling cavities using materials like porcelain, composite, and others is an option besides Amalgam.


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July 7th, 2022|

Bicuspid Tooth Definition


Permanent bicuspid teeth occupy the space between the cuspids (canine teeth) and molars in the mouth. Due to their location in the mouth before to the eruption of the molars, the phrase “premolar teeth” is often used to refer to bicuspid teeth. A bicuspid tooth is one that has two cusps, or projecting points, from its crown. The prefix, “bi” signifies the presence of two points. The fact that bicuspid teeth have two root ends identifies them as such.

Are Bicuspids Permanent Teeth?

Yes. Permanent teeth with bicuspids in the region between the front canines and the back molars. In the majority of cases, the teeth that must be pulled to make room for the bicuspids are the first to be taken between the ages of 12 and 13. When a child reaches this age, their upper and lower jaws often begin to develop bicuspid teeth.

Why Do We Have Bicuspid Teeth?

Those with bicuspid teeth may bite and chew on a bigger surface area, allowing them to ingest a greater range of foods than those without these teeth. The contribution of the bicuspids enables the canines and molars to digest food effectively. This is mostly made feasible by the canines and molars.

Does Everyone Have Bicuspid Teeth?

Yes. Every individual has a set of teeth known as the bicuspids. During adolescence, sealants are often put to teeth to reduce the incidence of dental decay by as much as 80 percent. Sealants are available at dental supply shops. This preventive strategy is often recommended by dentists to their patients since it has been shown to be extremely beneficial.


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July 1st, 2022|

Anterior Teeth


The twelve incisors, commonly known as front teeth, are called “anterior teeth” and are positioned in the front of the mouth. In addition to the lateral incisors, these teeth also consist of the cuspid, mandibular, and maxillary incisors. The anterior teeth are primarily responsible for chopping and tearing food into digestible pieces.

What is the Anterior Side of Teeth?

The upper and lower teeth closest to the front of the mouth are referred to as the anterior teeth. Your front teeth are the ones that are visible whenever you talk or smile because of their position at the front of your mouth.

How many Anterior Teeth are in a Permanent Dentition?

The front permanent dentition of the mouth is comprised of a total of twelve anterior teeth. The anterior teeth consist of the canines, also known as cuspids, lateral incisors, maxillary and mandibular central incisors, and maxillary and mandibular central incisors.


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June 30th, 2022|

Dental Notation Meaning


Dentists use the universal numbering system to identify individual teeth and correlate the information with those teeth as dental notation. It is a method for visually capturing the existence of teeth as well as their placement within a dentition and linking the information with the teeth themselves.

How Many Dental Notations Are There?

There are three dental notations that are used frequently: the FDI global dental federation notation, the universal numbering system, and the Palmer notation technique. The FDI world dental federation notation is also known as the ANSI/ADA/ISO Tooth Numbering System.


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June 23rd, 2022|

Importance of Wearing Your Elastics for Braces

Wearing rubber bands is a critical part of your Orthodontic treatment. If it wasn’t, the doctor would not be asking you to wear them 24 hours of the day. Listed below are a few major reasons you need to wear your bands.

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What is the purpose of rubber bands on braces?

Rubber bands are used for people who generally have an over or under bite that needs correcting in order for the bite to fit together well. If you are not wearing your bands well this could potentially extend your treatment time.

Will wearing rubber bands hurt?

Starting your rubber bands will be a new adjustment for your teeth and jaw. You may become a bit sore for a few days but if you take them off to “give your mouth a break,” this may just continue the discomfort. Remember the more you wear them the more you will get used to them.

How often should you need to wear them?

Braces Elastics You need to wear your rubber bands 24/7 unless instructed differently by the doctor. The only reasons you should be taking the rubber bands out is to eat if you are unable to eat with them on, brushing and flossing your teeth and putting a new set on.

If you lose your bands it’s no problem! All you need to do is come into the office immediately for a new pack. The longer you go without them, the longer you will be in treatment for. Make sure you are using the correct bands. Borrowing a friend’s or improvising with your own could negatively hurt treatment if they are not the correct set.

If you have any further questions regarding your bands, you can contact the office of orthodontist T.C. Hardy in Fort Collins at (970) 344-4295 or This is a team effort, we will do our part to make sure you have a perfect bite, beautiful smile and are happy with the outcome of your treatment. All we need you to do is wear your rubber bands!

May 18th, 2016|

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